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Theorist Jean Lava and Etienne Wenger (1991) proposed the idea of legitimate peripheral participation which serves as the foundation for Communities of Practice (CoP). Three elements are required for CoP’s to be successful; 1) domain, 2) community, and 3) practice. CoP’s are successful when members interact, share ideas and discuss best practices over a period of time. This type of social learning is accompanied by a gradual, yet sustained improvement of practice and knowledge among community members. Although improvement is sometimes an unintentional outcome of the social learning process, see how this CoP model intentionally integrates operational and instructional strategies to enhance teaching and learning.
King, Leslie J. and Jordan, JoAnn, "Model for Using Social Network to Enhance Teaching and Learning" (2014). Learning Showcase 2014. 32.