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Cognitive appraisal and stress research has been applied to training stressors, creative arts, pregnancy, psychotherapy, academic, and sleep quality (Erschens et al.,2018; Martin, et al., 2018; Gonzalex-Ochoa, 2018; Wersebe et al., 2018; You-wei et al., 2018). The purpose of this investigation was to study the effects of stress and stressors experienced by first semester BSN undergraduate students. The Brief College Student Hassle Scale (BCSHC) measured stressors (Ward & Hay, 2015). Participants rated their school and personal stresss levels, and the area most stressful.

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Curriculum, Design and Evaluation


Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

First Semester BSN Students: Cognitive Appraisal & Perceived Stress



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