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High profile police shootings around the country have caused states and communities to examine how to improve the quality of policing. For example, reports from expert panels convened by Ohio’s Governor and the Ohio Attorney General both recommended expanding law enforcement training requirements as a way to enhance the quality of policing. However, the ability to improve policing through better in-service faces two key obstacles: - Lack of resources: Most police departments do not have the personnel or financial resources to provide regular, high quality training . Eighty-seven percent of police departments have 25 or fewer officers, which means they often lack the expertise and shift coverage to provide regular training during work shifts. -Variable quality of training: Additional training requirements will not improve policing if the training is not high quality and does not focus on application in real-world contexts. Yet, in-service police training often involves sitting in a room listening to a lecture with little or no assessment or application of learning. It is well-established that lecturing is one of the least effective teaching methods and is not well-suited to teaching application in real-world situations.

Publication Date



College of Health and Public Administration


Curriculum, Design and Evaluation


Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Can We Train Cops Virtually?​ Evaluating the Feasibility of Online, Collaborative, Police Training



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